Diabetes mellitus is a kind of metabolic disease that is brought about by either the insufficient production of insulin or the inability of the body to respond to the insulin formed within the system.
- DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1
- Diabetes mellitus type 1 is caused by the loss of beta cells found in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
- Up until today, there have been no preventive measures found for disease. Most of the patients who acquire this type of diabetes are found in the younger populations. Because of this, Type 1 diabetes mellitus is also now known as the juvenile diabetes.
- DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2
- Type 2 diabetes is generally characterized by the body’s resistance to insulin. This is primarily attributed to the loss of certain insulin receptors in the tissues that are supposed to mediate the entrance of insulin into the body’s cells.
- Type 2 diabetes usually leads to hyperglycemia which can be treated by a series of medications that can either improve the body’s insulin sensitivity or improve the liver’s production of insulin in the system.